Which is the Best State in India? | Dhruv Rathee Analysis on Economy, Environment, Development


hello friends!!
in this video, i want to talk to you
about Indian states,
as to which state is the best among others.
They will be compared on the basis of various criterias,
like Economic factors, environmental factors, infrastructural factors etc.
Comparing them using these factors, we will see,which state is the best
and thus arrive to the overall conclusion as to
which is the no.1
state in India, the best state in India.
Let us see then.
Firstly, let us talk about the economic factors like GDP.
If we see the overall economy and GDP,
in all states, then Maharashtra is no,1.
Maharashtra has the largest economy &
the highest GDP among Indian states.
On the second spot is Tamilnadu.
but friends, there is a slight problem in this,
which is,
the larger states will obviously have a higher GDP,
as more people live there.
Thus this comparison is not fair to the smaller states.
So we will use a new factor of comparison
known as GDP per capita.
Per capita means Per person.
In this we will see an individual person’s GDP,
an average common person’s GDP,
and compare the same across all states.
Using this we see the highest
is Delhi’s GDP per capita.
Recently Delhi overtook Mumbai as
the financial hub of the country.
But here we have to think whether to consider Delhi
as a state or as a city.
This, i leave it upto you viewers
to distinguish and consider as per your opinions.
If we have to talk about the fastest growing states,
which means they have a rapidly growing economy &
the fastest rising GDP,
then Andhra Pradesh takes the top spot
with the GDP growth rate of
16.5%.
On the second spot is Jammu & Kashmir
with a growth rate of 14.7%.
Both these states have the fastest growth in Per capita income too.
Lets talk about the unemployment rate now.
You may remember in the previous video
i made about the Gujarat model,
in which i mentioned that,
Gujarat has the lowest unemployment rate among the Indian states
at 1.2%. But here i want to mention that
i made a small mistake regarding this.
The data & figures i had used were of 2013-14
which was the old data.
Now, as per the latest data
of 2015–16,
we can see that
Karnataka has beaten Gujarat to the top spot
with the lowest unemployment rate
of 0.9%.
Sorry, i made a small mistake here with the data.
Human Development Index (HDI),
about which i have already spoken about before,
is a very important indicator which
tells about the people’s quality of living.
This factor takes into account life expectancy,
standard of living & education.
So in terms of HDI, Kerala is no.1
followed closely by Delhi.
If we talk about the Sex ratio,
here too Kerala stands at no.1
with a ratio of 1084 women
is to 1000 men.
States having such ratios are very less
where women are more in number than men.
Pondicherry comes a close second.
Electrification rate is a factor which tells us
how many houses in a region receive electricity.
Here too Kerala is on the top spot
with a rate of 99.2% of
houses receiving electricity.
On the second spot is
Andhra Pradesh with a rate of
98.8% houses receiving electricity.
Friends, here iam not considering the
union territories as obviously
electrification of smaller regions is easier.
For example, some union territories like Daman & Diu
have 100% rate of electrification.
Delhi too has a rate of 99.8%
of houses receiving electricity.
Thus its better to segregate the states in this.

Next factor to consider is Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
which is the best tool to measure poverty.
It uses 10 different indicators
to measure poverty.
Here you can see in this chart,
indicators like nutrition levels, child mortality rates,
years of schooling received,
availability of safe drinking water, electrification rates etc
are divided into 3 broad categories
namely Health, Education and living standards.
So the Multi-Dimensional poverty Index
too has been topped by Kerala,
followed by Delhi & Goa respectively.
Now if we talk about the most environment friendly state in India,
we can measure that through one criteria namely
how much forested area is found in that particular state?
Here all the North-eastern states
rank very high in this aspect.
The no.1 spot is taken by Mizoram
which has 90% of land under forests.
All the North-eastern states
have large area of land under forests and
low rates of pollution levels
Talking about most Environment-friendly state,
Sikkim takes that title. It is also India’s first
fully organic state which means
the farming done in this state
does not use any chemical fertilizers or
any chemical pesticides.
The whole state practices organic farming.
But if we take into account all the factors related to the environment
like the number of environmental violations occurring in a state,
the level of pollution,
the rate of usage of renewable sources of energy etc,
so combining the result of all these factors,
the no. 1 state comes out to be
Arunachal Pradesh,
followed by Mizoram.
Now considering the factor of- Ease of Doing Business
the top spot is taken by Gujarat
followed by Andhra Pradesh on the 2nd spot.
To measure how much crime has been committed in a state,
we use the tool of Crime rate.
It tells us that among 1 lakh
people, how many incidents of crime
have been committed.
If you see this data generally,
then you will observe that Kerala
has the highest Crime rate in India.
455 incidents of crime per
1 lakh number of people.
But you may be surprised to know that
this is a very misleading statistic.
Kerala’s 455 incidents of crime
are REPORTED crimes per 1 lakh number of people.
This doesn’t mean that
the incidences of crime is very high.
It means that more amount of crimes are “reported” to the police.
You may wonder how is this possible.
So let me show you the worldwide data for crime rates.
Guess which countries worldwide
have the highest crime rates.
You wont be able to answer it correctly.
Listen to the names of the top 5 countries with the highest
crime rates worldwide.
They are Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, New Zealand,
United kingdom & Australia
These countries occupy the top spots in highest
crime rates worldwide i.e
6000/5000/4000 incidences of crime
reported per 1 lakh number of people.
Now if you listen to names of countries having lowest crime rates,
then be prepared to be surprised again.
They are Somalia, Iraq
Libya, Nigeria & Haiti.
These are countries with the lowest crime rates worldwide.
with only 1 or 2 incidences of crime
being reported per
1 lakh number of population.
So it is now understood why crime rate is
a very misleading statistic.
Higher number of crime rate actually means that
the police force in that region is very active
to report crime which is a good thing.
The literacy rate is very high
in Kerala thus
the police force there encourages the general public
to file FIRs of crimes committed.
Smallest of crimes also get
reported here due to this.
Thus Kerala is no. 1 in crime rate across India.
If any crime is committed against you in Kerala,
it is more likely that you will receive proper redressal in this state.
Now talking about the Infrastructural factor then,
we consider indicators like the
quality of roads being built in the state,
the completion levels
of infrastructural projects which
are sanctioned,
the number of pucca houses/buildings and roads
built in the state etc
can be observed collectively to measure the level of infrastructural development
in which the best state is
Andhra Pradesh
Followed by Maharashtra.
Now it is time to find out, that which state
overall considering all these factors,
can be given the numero uno spot.
You all can guess the answer obviously that
Kerala is the best state.
It doesn’t mean that being no. 1
means that it is the best in each and every aspect.
The no.1 title means that
Kerala is the best in most of the criterias discussed.
It also doesn’t mean that Kerala
is on a good/high rank in everything.
There are some aspects in which Kerala has a very low
ranking like the Unemployment rate,
ease of doing business etc.
wherein Kerala fares very low.
The unemployment rate
of Kerala is at 12.5%
which is very less than total India’s
average unemployment rate of 5%.
So it is very clearly seen that all
these states who were no.1 in different aspects
can be an example to the other states of India
in those very aspects.
The other states can take inspiration and learn from those top ranking states.
For example, the other states can learn from Kerala
about improving human development factors like healthcare,
education etc.
From the North-eastern states, others can learn
about how to be more environmentally friendly.
From Andhra Pradesh,others can learn about developing infrastructural factors
So hoping here that you all have liked this video.
If you have, then do share this video to the maximum
and please tell me in the comments section
about your opinions on the best state of India.
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We will meet in our next video.
Thank you for watching!

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